LEVI (fl. third quarter of the third century), Palestinian amora. Generally Levi is mentioned without his patronymic but he may be identical to Levi b. Laḥma (Ḥama) mentioned in the Babylonian Talmud (RH 29b). (However, as the name Levi b. Lahma never appears in Palestinian sources, he may have gone to Babylon.) He was a contemporary of R. Ze'ira I, R. Abba b. Kahana, and R. Ḥama b. Ukba (Ukva). Levi was primarily an aggadist; his frequent quotations from Ḥama b. Ḥanina suggest that he was his pupil. He and R. Judah b. Naḥman gave popular lectures on alternate Sabbaths in Johanan's academy, for which each was paid two selas. On one occasion his lecture, in which he reconciled two opposing opinions, so pleased R. Johanan that he appointed him to a regular lectureship, a post which he held for 22 years. In those days non-ordained scholars apparently lectured standing, while ordained scholars lectured sitting, and R. Johanan expressed the hope that one day he would be privileged to deliver his lectures sitting (Gen. R. 98:11; cf. TJ, Hor. 3:9, 48c; Eccles. R. 6:2). It seems from this that he was not then an ordained teacher. There are no halakhot in his name, but he does sometimes explain halakhah (e.g., on Ber. 60b; RH 22a, 29b), though even then his teachings have an aggadic flavor. His lectures were so highly esteemed that R. Ze'ira, who generally did not have a high opinion of aggadah, nevertheless advised scholars (ḥavrayya, colleagues) to attend his lectures, as they were always instructive (TJ, RH 4:1, 59b). Levi sometimes lectured on the same text for quite a long time and could easily switch from one interpretation to the opposite (TJ, Sanh. 10:2, 28b). He claimed the ability to link together texts from the different sections of the Bible and penetrate to their inner meaning – an ability which he did not concede to most preachers (Song R. 1:10). Frequently he explained different words in biblical texts by reference to Arabic words (Gen. R. 87:1; Ex. R. 42:4; Song R. 4: 1) and he may have lived in Arabia for a while. He also composed elaborate parables to elucidate texts, and was regarded as a master of interpretation (Gen. R. 62:5). Among his numerous sayings are: "The punishment for (false) measures is more severe than for incest" (BB 88b); "Living without a wife is not living" (Gen. R. 17); "However much a man does for his soul, he does not fully discharge his obligations, … because it comes from on high" (Lev. R. 4:2); "To rob a human is worse than robbing the Almighty" (BB 88b). His yearning for the messianic period is reflected in a number of his statements, such as: "If Israel would keep but one Sabbath properly, the son of David would immediately come" (TJ, Ta'an. 1:1, 64a: see also Song R. 3:1).   -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Frankel, Mavo, 111; A. Bruell, Fremdsprachliche Redensarten (1869), 41–46, 50; Bacher, Pal Amor; Hyman, Toledot, 8, 51, 57; Ḥ. Albeck, Mavo la-Talmudim (1969), 256f. (Harry Freedman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Levi's — Levi’s ist eine Jeansmarke der von Levi Strauss gegründeten Levi Strauss Company. Das Modelabel von Levi’s Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Jeansmodelle 1.1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LEVI — (Heb. לֵוִי), third son of Jacob and Leah, born in Paddan Aram (Gen. 29:34); father of the tribe named after him. The name Levi is explained in the Pentateuch by Leah s words at his birth: Now this time my husband will become attached to me (Heb …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Levi II — Levi was a Jewish Palestinian scholar of the 3rd century (third amoraic generation), contemporary of Ze era I and Abba b. Kahana (Yer. Ma as. iii. 51a). In a few instances he is quoted as Levi b. Laḥma (Ḥama; comp. Yer. R. H. iv. 59a with R. H.… …   Wikipedia

  • LÉVI (É.) — LÉVI ALPHONSE LOUIS CONSTANT dit ÉLIPHAS (1810 1875) Fils d’un cordonnier parisien, Alphonse Louis Constant entra au séminaire de Saint Sulpice à Paris, qu’il quitta en 1836 après avoir été ordonné diacre. Les idées utopistes et humanitaires du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Levi —  Pour les articles homophones, voir Lévi, Lévis, Lévy et Levy. Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Levi est le nom de plusieurs personnes : Carlo Levi, écrivain italien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Levi's — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lévis (homonymie). Levi s est une marque de jeans et de vêtements conçus et commercialisés par Levi Strauss Co, inventée en 1853. Selon Pierre S., le constructeur du jean est en fait un allemand. Voir aussi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • LEVI (P.) — LEVI PRIMO (1919 1987) Voix singulière dans la littérature italienne que celle de Primo Levi, né à Turin en 1919, où il soutiendra brillamment en 1941 sa thèse en chimie. Cette voix se fait entendre pour la première fois en 1947, quand un petit… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LEVI — (Bet ha Levi), prominent, wealthy, and ramified Sephardi family of scholars and rabbis, many of whom served as congregation leaders during the 15th–17th centuries. The family originated from Évora in Portugal, but all that is known of its… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Levi — steht für: Levi (Patriarch), einen biblischen Patriarchen einen der zwölf Stämme Israels, siehe Leviten einen der Apostel Jesu, siehe Matthäus (Evangelist) R. Benjamin ben Levi, einen Amoräer der 3. Generation, siehe Amora (Judentum) Namen Levi… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Levi's™ — 7 [ˈliːvaɪz] [ˈliːvaɪz] noun plural a US make of jeans (= trousers/pants made of ↑denim )   Word Origin: [ …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”